Bloomberg news and analysis, referring to the statement of the European Commission, reports that the European Union is going to spend 1 billion euros to catch up with China, the United States and Japan in the development of supercomputers. As the source indicates, as a result of Brecksite, Britain may be out of the project.
If everything works out, then by 2020 Europe can get two supercomputers with a performance speed of one hundred quadrillion calculations per second, as well as at least two, but less powerful computers with a speed of several tens of quadrillion calculations per second. Two years later, the EU wants to get a new generation computer with the speed of a quintillion operations per second. This project will allow Europe to become an independent and competitive player in the digital market of the future economy.
The publication reports that the initiative project was proposed in March last year, but the data on funding were published only now. The EU management structure will allocate 486 billion euros for the project, the remaining funds will be invested from EU member states and "associated states", which will express a desire to participate in the project. Initiative from private companies will also be welcomed, the statement said.
13 countries have already expressed their desire to participate in the project: France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Greece, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Portugal, Slovenia, Croatia, Belgium, Bulgaria. As for Great Britain, she abstained from the initiative of participation, and according to experts, her exit from the EU in general leaves the possibility of participation of this country under a big question.
Europe is largely behind in the supercomputer race from the US, Japan and China. Many European companies and government agencies, primarily meteorological agencies, have to rent the computing power of supercomputers located outside the European continent. European officials are concerned that such practices increase the risk of theft of confidential information, and in the case of political interstate discrepancies in general, threatens the European Union by closing access to supercomputers. As an example, China is being set up to develop its own supercomputers after the US government banned its companies from selling them to the East.
As a result, China not only was able to become the dominant player in the supercomputer sphere, but also with all its might to keep its leadership. For example, most recently we reported that the Chinese Academy of Sciences plans to complete the development of the Tianhe-3 supercomputer by 2020 with a processing power of up to a quintillion operations per second.